Traditional Outfits From Every Latin American Country

Although many Latin American countries have similar fashion pieces due to Spanish, Inidigenous and African influence, every place puts their on little spin on it. Check out some of the amazing traditional outfits Latinos wear to honor their roots:

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1. Argentina

In Argentina, the gaucho is an essential wardrobe piece. Today the iconic outerwear is considered a national symbol, and worn with pride to display the love Argentines have for their culture. 


2. Bolivia

Although their style of dress varies by region, many citizens in Bolivia still embrace their Indigenous roots through their clothing. The polleras and bowler hats are common fashion staples. 


3. Brazil

With a variety of historical cultural influences, it is no surprise that traditional attire in Brazil varies by region. Women from the State of Bahia are known for the Bahiana dress, which embraces their African and Indigenous roots.


4. Chile

The chamanto, which is similar to a poncho, is the principal piece for men's fashion in Chile. The country is also known for their unique use of animal skin and textile fabrics. 


5. Colombia

Like many other Latin American countries influenced by Spanish culture, the long pollera colora is a signature in Colombia. Today this long ruffled and vibrant skirt is mainly worn during special occasions and ceremonies. 


6. Costa Rica

Customary attire for women of Costa Rica includes a sleeveless long-ruffled dress, often paired with a rebozo which is similar to  shawl. Today, this classic ensemble can primarily be seen during folk performances or special celebrations.


7. Cuba

The Rumba dress, also known as the Bata Cubana, has become an iconic symbol of Cuba. The dress, which evovled from a mixture of African, Spanish, and Taino culture, is a go-to for special celebrations and performances.


8. Dominican Republic

For special occasions and holidays, women of the Dominican Republic honor the island by wearing a folk, long-ruffled dress featuring the colors of their flag.


9. Ecuador

Ecuador's customary outfits can still be seen on a daily basis in regions like Otavalo, which houses a large population of Indigenous descendants. The native women of Otavalo often don their classic long dark skirts, woven ponchos and hats. 


10. El Salvador

The traditional dress of El Salvador is all about delicate embroidery and bright colors. The classic Mesoamerican dress is a favorite when it comes to cultural performances and honoring their tierra


11. Guatemala

If there is one place you can still see a large representation of customary attire, it is in Guatemala. With an abundant amount of Indigenous descendents, particulary Mayan, many women still wear classic pieces such as the chamanto (similar to a poncho), and huipil's decorated with sacred symbols of their culture. 

12. Honduras

The classic dress of Honduras is always bright and festive. These floor-length pieces are usally handmade, and are primarily only worn during special performances. 

13. Mexico

Due to their hot climate, traditional clothing in Mexico was designed to be light. The huipil (a sleeveless tunic with a rectangular neck shape) is a staple for many women across the country. The unique designs in a huipil are often a representation of their Indigenous roots and are hugely popular amongst Mayan women. 

14. Nicaragua

Last but certainly not least, are the vibrant threads of Nicaragua. From their mestizaje dresses to the trencilla costume, Nicaragua has several classic ensembles to accompany their traditional folklore dances. 

15. Panama

Panamanians took the iconic Spanish-influenced pollera and made it entirely their own. The popular dress is known as a national symbol of the country, and is primarily handmade. Women from all reigions of Panama wear the intricately designed dress to show pride for their culture.

16. Paraguay

Although the ruffled floor-length dress is common throughout Latin America, there is something distinct about Paraguay's. The traditional dress in Paraguay is usually made from nanduti, which is a very specific and delicate type of lace.

17. Peru

Indigenous women of the Andes are known for wearing vibrant clothing, especially in Peru. Quechua women in particular, frequently sport a Lliclla (a colorful cape) with a traditional Spanish-influenced pollera (wide skirt) and a montera ( a traditional woven hat which varies by region) as a day-to-day outfit. 

18. Puerto Rico

Traditional gear from La Isla del Encanto can be described as a mix of Jibaro and Bomba culture (a blend of Indigenous and African roots). Jibaro clothing, which is meant to acknowledge their Taino culture, includes white pants paired with a white shirt for men, and a straw hat to complete the look. For women of Puerto Rico, the traditional look is a long ruffled dress. 

19. Uruguay

While gauchos are classic day-to-day wear in Uruguay, the diverse country is also known for its festive carnival wear. In fact, Uruguay hosts one of the world's longest carnival — lasting over 40 days — where citizens join in, sporting fun costumes.

20. Venezuela

Traditional threads in Venezuela have a blend of French and Spanish influence. A long colorful skirt paired with an off-the-shoulder blouse is customary for women, while the national outfit primarily worn by men is the "Liqui Liqui." The classic "Liqui Liqui" attire is an all white or beige pants and shirt combo.